Kim Heng - SAC Capital 2021-08-20: Moving Towards A Gradual Recovery

KIM HENG LTD. (SGX:5G2) | SGinvestors.io KIM HENG LTD. (SGX:5G2)

Kim Heng - Moving Towards A Gradual Recovery

  • Listed on SGX in 2014, Kim Heng (SGX:5G2) is an integrated offshore and marine value chain services provider for the oil & gas industry since 1968. Kim Heng is based in Singapore with two shipyards located at Pandan Crescent and Penjuru Road with a combined waterfront of 205 metres.
  • Supported by a fleet of 40 OSVs, tugs and barges, Kim Heng provides a multitude of offshore support services which include construction and fabrication works for drilling rigs and vessels, installation of offshore production modules and systems, supply of offshore drilling and production equipment and repairs and maintenance of offshore rigs, platforms and vessels etc.
  • Kim Heng also provides charter and towage service, carries out newbuilding of vessels (e.g. tugs and barges) and refurbishment of old vessels for reselling. Kim Heng also undertakes rental and sale of heavy equipment such as crawler, lorry and mobile cranes.
  • In recent years, Kim Heng has diversified into the renewables sector to take on windfarm projects as the global scene embraced cleaner energy forms. In 2020, renewables and legacy oil & gas both takes up 31% of Kim Heng’s revenue respectively. Vessel chartering accounts for 29% while heavy lift crane and equipment rental takes up the remaining 9%.


Capturing value with distressed assets

  • Kim Heng has been prudently expanding its fleets since 2017 to achieve economies of scale and enjoy long term cost advantages. This is done by acquiring distressed assets during the downtimes whereby the values for these assets are severely marked down.
  • Recent acquisition includes 2 units of AHTs bought from Posh Terasea liquidation at a significant bargain of US$4.8m in total. These distressed assets are in good working condition and require minimal refurbishment before redeployment. This allows Kim Heng to expand its fleet at a lower cost and the vessels can be reactivated to capture immediate opportunities or deploy quickly to serve other commercially viable businesses. Acquisition of vessels are co-funded by Philip Enterprise Fund Limited and Philip Ventures Enterprise Fund 5 Ltd.


Ahead in the renewables with strategic partnerships

  • Kim Heng is involved in shallow water cable laying, a niche area under the construction phase of a windfarm project. A windfarm project has 4 general stages in its lifecycle: Planning phase, Construction phase, Operation & Maintenance phase and Decommissioning phase. The construction phase comprises many activities including the fabrication of foundation components, construction of wind turbine foundations and assembly of wind turbine components etc.
  • Energy generated from the wind turbine is transmitted to offshore substations to increase the voltage which prevents energy loss before it is transmitted to onshore substations for distribution purposes. As such, building a cable infrastructure network is one crucial aspect to connect the wind turbines to onshore infrastructures. To service this aspect of a windfarm project, Kim Heng had entered into a 50% joint venture with Thaitan Drilling Company Limited.
  • Thaitan Drilling is a leading provider of Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) services based in Thailand. HDD is a drilling method used to drill ducts beneath the ground from which cables from the offshore wind farm can be pulled. This method causes minimal disturbance to surrounding environment due to its trenchless method which does not require excavating the ground to the depth needed for installation. Kim Heng is able to leverage on Thaitan Drilling’s strong foundations in its technical capabilities and experience to complement its service offerings when bidding for windfarm projects.
  • Kim Heng had also entered a MOU with Hung Hua Construction Co to establish long term business cooperation. HHC is a Taiwan marine construction company involved in dredging and maritime construction projects. Through this collaboration, Kim Heng will be the preferred sub-contractor for future projects undertaken by HHC in Taiwan. HHC will also tender for future HDD projects and marine construction projects on behalf of Kim Heng.
  • Kim Heng is currently involved in the cable installation works for Yunlin Offshore Windfarm in Taiwan awarded by HHC. The contract has commenced in second quarter of 2020 and 6 cable conduits have since been completed. The work is estimated to be fulfilled by end of 2021.


Other initiatives to transition away from O&G

  • Kim Heng has newly set up Zale Offshore to provide round the clock marine salvage and emergency response services targeted at oil spills and salvage accidents in Asia Pacific region. Additionally, in response to COVID-19, Kim Heng offers vessel disinfection services in compliance with regulatory standards.


Kim Heng - Investment Highlights


Rapid growth in offshore wind energy market expected in upcoming years

  • Global Wind Energy Council expects new wind power installations (onshore & offshore) to grow at 4% CAGR over the next 5 years from 2020-2025. Global offshore wind market is expected to grow at 31.5% CAGR in the next five year with new installations to quadruple by 2025 from 6.1GW in 2020. In total, more than 70GW offshore is expected to be added. Within Asia, China remains to be the largest contributor followed by Taiwan, Vietnam, Japan and South Korea.
  • In Taiwan, the government is looking to transform the country to become a renewable energy development hub in Asia Pacific. Its goal is to phase out the use of nuclear energy and increase its energy mix for renewables to 20%. To do so, Taiwan has been aggressive on building wind energy infrastructure. It has plans to increase the country offshore wind capacity from 10GW to 15GW by 2035. Bureau of Energy within Ministry of Economic Affairs in Taiwan will release 9GW of this capacity between 2026 and 2031 in 3GW portions with applications for the first 3GW starting in second quarter of 2022 to connect to the grid in 2026-2027. Each project is capped at a maximum of 500MW and a minimum of 100MW. This points to a minimum of 30 500MW projects and a maximum of 150 100MW projects to be released over the period to 2035. Currently Taiwan’s first commissioned offshore windfarm, Formosa 1 has a production capacity of 128MW with a combined total of 32 wind turbines.
  • This encouraging support from the Taiwanese government to advance its offshore wind market meant well for KH who ventured into Taiwan market with the help of local Taiwanese partners. Cable installation is essential to connect all wind turbines to offshore and onshore substations for electricity transmission. Kim Heng is presented with plenty of cable-laying opportunities with an approximate of 100 projects at 150MW in the pipeline. With its HDD expertise in partnership with Thaitan Drilling Company, Kim Heng is well-positioned to capture those as windfarm projects progressively kickstart. This serves as a huge potential revenue driver for Kim Heng.
  • Kim Heng is also looking to expand into Vietnam which is poised to become a key growing renewable market in the region.

Rebound in offshore activities

  • COVID-19 pandemic has brought offshore activities in 2020 to a standstill. In times of uncertainty, many companies exercised financial prudence which had led to many oil & gas projects being cancelled or delayed. However, efforts in containing the virus and increasing vaccination rate has increased the pace of global economy recovery. Oil price has since risen to highs of $80 a barrel in July 2021. US Energy Information Administration forecasts consumption of global petroleum and other liquid fuels will grow by 5.3 million b/d in 2021 and 3.7 million b/d in 2022. This would bring global oil consumption to 101.4 million b/d in 2022., 0.4 million b/d higher than pre-pandemic level in 2019. Global rig count has been steadily increasing. As of July 2021, 29 rigs has been added for the year, a 6% increase from Jan 2021. As both offshore and onshore rigs operations are expected to ramp up to cope with the oil demand, Kim Heng will still be able to profit from the O&G sector through securing more contracts.
  • However, long term outlook for oil & gas may not be that stellar with the shift towards low carbon economy which causes structural shift in oil demand. One significant change can be observed from the increased adoption of electric vehicles which reduced the need for fuel vehicles. As most countries seeks to meet its net zero emission goal in 2050, companies are reducing its reliance on oil & gas in favor of renewable energy as an alternative source. This means a further decline in for oil demand. Kim Heng plans to increase its revenue sources from its renewable segment to 50%, reducing its reliance on the volatile oil & gas market. Shifting away from its legacy business will do good for Kim Heng in the long term, in line with the global macro trend towards decarbonization.

High charter rates and climbing utilisation rate

  • With the renewal of offshore activities, demand for OSV is pushing the charter rates up in 2021. Clarksons Platou’s North Sea historical rate for contracted AHTS showed an average spot rate of S$52,039/day in July, 89% increase m-o-m as compared to S$27,485/day in June and 127% increase from S$22,932/day in May. Assuming rates for other regions are following the same rising trend, Kim Heng can command a higher rate for its vessels. Vessel utilisation rate is set to improve as well according to Westwood Global Energy Group. Global OSV effective utilisation is estimated at 73% in 1Q2021 and is projected to reach 86% in 3Q2023. In a bid to save on operating costs, vessel owners had stacked their idle vessels during the pandemic. As such, inclusive of stacked vessels, total utilisation in 1Q2021 stands at approximately 55%, at the same level as 1Q2020 before activities in the offshore industry were severely hit. Nevertheless, total utilisation is projected to climb to 65% by 3Q2021, influenced by growth in offshore industry.
  • However, as charter rate becomes more lucrative, vessel owners may redeploy and reactivate their vessels which increase the supply of OSVs in the market. This returns the imbalance in demand and supply and as a result, can progressively lead to a decline in charter rate.


Kim Heng - Financial summary


FY20 revenue declined as offshore activities were severely impacted by COVID-19

  • Kim Heng's FY20 revenue of S$37.6m was down 35% from S$58.1m in FY19, due to project delays caused by COVID-19 pandemic. Nevertheless, pre-pandemic saw FY2019 revenue on an uptrend trajectory at 52% y-o-y growth from S$38.1mil to S$58.1mil, likely due to finished contracts from the renewables sector. FY20 registered positive EBITDA of S$2.7m adjusted for one-off non-cash impairment for reclassification of property at 48 Penjuru Road. Kim Heng received S$2.7m government grant for FY20.
  • Kim Heng's net loss narrowed further to S$5.3m, compared to S$7.8m in FY19. Operating cash flow has maintained positive at S$3.6m albeit 26% lower than FY2019 (S$4.9m).

Improved topline in 1H21

  • Revenue for first half registered $28.9m, a 64% jump from S$17.7m in 1H20. All segments shown gains. O&G activities have undoubtedly returned, although operations still lagged slightly behind 2019’s level. (1H19: S$32.7m) Chartering segment has significantly improved Kim Heng’s topline. Its first half revenue for the segment outpaced total revenue for FY2019 by S$2.5m, credited to higher daily charter and utilization rates. Marine offshore segment has also made positive progress. The segment delivered S$13.0m in 1H revenue which represented a 52.4% increase y-o-y.
  • 1H revenue results showed promising recovery in O&G sector and provided an optimistic outlook for 2H21 which continues to be supported by high charter and utilization rates and renewed offshore activities. EBITDA has remained positive at S$1.8m. Operating cash flow turned negative due to higher working capital. Kim Heng incurred a net loss of S$3.6m in 1H21.

Gearing remains unchanged

  • Kim Heng's net gearing ratio stood at 62% as at 30 June 2021 (Dec 2020: 60%) with net debt at S$35.3m (Dec 2020: S$35.5m). There was a reclassification of S$6.2m loan from non-current to current liabilities as a result of a breach in loan covenant. Consequently net current liabilities rose to S$12.1m. Kim Heng has since obtained an indulgence waiver letter from the financial institution.
  • To enhance its liquidity position, Kim Heng has obtained a new banking facility of S$5m to service its working capital and has plans to dispose vessels that do not contribute to future growth.

Kim Heng - Risks


Facing off with international big players within the renewable segment

  • Many O&M companies are pivoting towards the Renewables sector especially offshore wind sector as their existing skills are compatible and transferable to what is required in the sector. This helps to create a new sustainable source of revenue and diversify away from the cyclical oil & gas sector.
  • Locally, well-known industry players like Keppel Offshore & Marine and Sembcorp Marine (SGX:S51) have secured and completed contracts for various windfarm projects. Sembcorp Marine, for instance, had delivered wind farm jacket foundations for Ørsted‘s Hornsea 2 wind farm in the UK North Sea.
  • Other small cap players are also making the same pivot. They include Marco Polo Marine (SGX:5LY), Penguin International (SGX:BTM) and Teras Offshore. While there is an increasing number of entrants into the sector, Kim Heng is currently not in direct competition with them. Kim Heng provides cable installation services, a specific aspect in a windfarm project whereas the rest service other aspects of the project. For example, Marco Polo Marine is involved in chartering of OSVs and fabrication of windfarm parts and Penguin International focuses on building of windfarm support vessels.
  • Local competition is relatively weak but it might change when others or Kim Heng decide to expand their service offerings.
  • On the other hand, Kim Heng faces strong competition from international big players in the same operating space such as Van Oord and Subsea 7 whereby their offshore services encompass cable installation. Van Oord was awarded the installation of the inter-array and export cables for the 900MW Greater Changhua 1 and 2a offshore wind project.

Softer economic outlook brought on by the Delta variant

  • Outbreak of Delta variant are impeding global recovery with infection seen even in vaccinated persons. China for an instance has gone back to mass testing, cities lockdown and restricted domestic travel in the beginning of August, the height of summer travel season. New uptick in Delta cases was reported in at least 16 Chinese provinces including major cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Wuhan.
  • Fresh lockdowns slow down global economies and constrain domestic consumption. Restricted movement and activities are going to dampen fuel demand and consequently cause a slowdown in offshore activities.
  • See





Lim Shu Rong SAC Capital Research | https://www.saccapital.com.sg/ 2021-08-20
SGX Stock Analyst Report NOT RATED MAINTAIN NOT RATED 99998 SAME 99998



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